Paper

The Adaptive Nature of Drug Trafficking

GMA 400 - Senior Seminar Research

Drug organizations remain an issue for U.S security. This is due to their ability to adapt and change when facing obstacles. This is especially concerning since the U.S has implemented policies, such as the War on Drugs since the 1970s. Their economic tactics allow them to implement a corporate structure, allowing them to remain flexible when conducting operations. The increase in sales increases their investment for their operations. The large demand from U.S citizens gives incentives for cartels and upcoming cartels to organize and grow. To understand the adaptive nature, this thesis reviewed some of the tactics used during the height of Colombian drug trafficking and the present Mexican drug trafficking. This thesis also reviewed the success and failures of policies used during both eras by the U.S government. The problem of halting drug trafficking may be due to lack of successful policies. Cartel organizations are improving their tactics by maintaining secrecy, using violence as a means for control, corrupting officials, and implementing new technology. Policy recommendations include legalizations, a balanced policy with education, prevention, and security, and reconstructing Mexico’s judicial system.

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