Thesis

The influence on the apparel of the ancient Egyptians of other selected cultural factors

During the past century Egypt has revealed its heritage through the excavations of towns and pyramids. Many pieces of clothing have given some idea of life in the early dynastic and predynastic periods. This study investigated the relevance of selected cultural factors as they influenced apparel designs. The data found supported the thesis that there is a definite relationship among clothing designs and other selected cultural factors of the Egyptian from the predynastic periods through the thirteenth dynasty. The factors selected were political, economic, scientific, sociological, and geographical, as these were thought to encompass all facets of the total environment. Information was obtained through an examination of pertinent literature and museum collections. It was found that the factor of religion was totally integrated into the thought of the ancient Egyptian and hence the other environmental factors. The factors were found to influence the design of the fabric, the individual components of the wardrobe, the total costume, the color schemes, and functional and aesthetic proportions of all costumes in ancient Egypt. Religion was the major influence and the geography was another influence showing great effect on clothing design. The land of Egypt, its climate and topography, determined the weight of fabrics and the severity of the design. The evidence further suggested that as the civilization advanced, design changes were a result of these selected cultural influences.

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