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The Progression of Shipping: Cost Benefit Analysis of Retrofitting Ports in Western North America
A capstone project submitted to the faculty of the California Maritime Academy in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Arts in Global Studies and Maritime Affairs.
This paper explores the evolution of trade and transportation with a focus on flow of goods from East Asia to the United States. The face of shipping has changed and the size of ship are larger than ever. For years the West Coast of the United States has directly benefited from the slow progression of transit routes to accommodate these mammoth neo-Panamax sized ships, but now the Panama Canal Expansion has come to fruition in 2016. A viable and comparable solution must be presented with the threat of loss to the shipping and receiving industry within the West Coast and United States land bridge.