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Jungian concepts as correlates of masculinity and feminity in a study of heterosexual attraction
Descriptions of self and ideal partner were collected from 65 students at a large western state university. Subjects rated themselves and their ideal partner on the Personal Attributes Questionnaire (PAQ). Subjects also filled out the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and a newly constructed measure which attempted to ascertain the Jungian typology of the ideal partner. The hypotheses were derived from the Jungian theory of attraction. It was expected that subjects would be attracted to opposite or complementary types on the PAQ and MBTI. Thus, the descriptions of ideal partners were expected to be complementary to the subjects' self-descriptions (i.e., masculine types attracted to feminine types and thinking types attracted to feeling types). These results were not confirmed. Subjects tended to describe themselves and their ideal partners as instrumental, expressive and feeling types. In addition, the thinking-feeling scale of the MBTI was found to be a good sex roles measure. The importance of expressiveness and feeling (correlates of femininity) as predictors of relationship satisfaction is discussed. Also, possible problems with the methodology and ideas for future research are suggested.