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Effects of sex, space, and group size on cooperation and social evaluation.
The understanding of the effect of densely populated settings on human experience and behavior is just beginning. In the early psychological literature, the term "crowding" was used to denote a setting that lacked "enough" space due in part to "too many" people. Many studies would place a large number of people in a setting and compare the responses of this group with a smaller group placed into the same setting. Results were then interpreted in terms of a lack of adequate space. This interpretation was incorrect for the group size changed as well as the space per person.