The Effects of Social Connections and Perinatal Mood and Anxiety Disorders (PMAD) on Child Rearing Practices in the Latino Immigrants' Community in California
The study examined the prevalence of Perinatal Mood and Anxiety Disorder (PMADS) and perceived social supports, and effects of PMAD and perceived social supports on child rearing practices among 50 Latina immigrant mothers. Most of the sample (98%) had some level of postpartum depression and anxiety with 8-12% at high risk. Although 12% had a high risk of using corporal punishment, those with perceived social supports by friends had adequate expectations of children, r (50) = .334, p=.009. Mother's with perceived family support had lower rates of postpartum depression, r (50) = -.331, p= .019. Furthermore, three interview participants shared the desire to have had additional support, increased financial hardships, lack of support, and fear of deportation due to the current political climate. It is crucial to support mother's rights in legislature and to obtain an appropriate diagnosis in the DMS-5 to provide mothers with screening and services to decrease the risk for child maltreatment.