Thesis

The relationship between exercise, gender, poverty level and falls to the ground among the elderly

Falls to the ground is a major health issue in older adulthood and a primary cause for nursing home placement and premature death. Older adults who are sedentary have a greater likelihood of falling to the ground than those who exercise. The present study examined the relationship between exercise, gender, poverty level, and falls to the ground in older adults. The data utilized in this study was obtained from the California Health Interview Survey, (CHIS) 2007 Adult's survey. The main independent variables for this study are levels and frequencies of exercise. They are characterized as Vigorous Leisure Activity for 3 days/ wk and 20 min/day, Regular Moderate, or Vigorous Activity, and Moderate Leisure Activity for 5 days/wk and 30 min/day. The independent variables, gender, and socioeconomic status are also examined. SES is characterized by combined measures of poverty level and educational attainment. To distinguish between younger seniors versus older seniors, this re- search compiled those in the age group of 60 to 74 years of age, and 75 years of age plus. The dependent variable is, falls to the ground in past 12 months. In order to examine the relationships between variables, frequencies and regression analyses were performed. The regression analyses found that the prominent predictors of Falls to the ground among the elderly were exercise and gender.

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