Thesis

Factors Influencing the Development of Perfectionism

ABSTRACT
 FACTORS INFLUENCING THE DEVELOPMENT OF
 PERFECTIONISM
 by
 Kyra L. Davies
 Master of Arts in Psychology
 Psychological Science Option
 California State University, Chico
 Summer 2009
 Research on the development of perfectionism is important because many
 researchers have linked perfectionism and many types of psychopathologies. Therefore,
 the current study attempts to predict perfectionism from adult attachment, parenting
 styles and adult temperament. Perfectionism can be defined as a multidimensional trait
 (e.g., personal standards, parental criticism and expectations, concern over mistakes,
 organization and doubts about actions) that is characterized as having excessively high
 personal standards. One hundred and fifty-four participants responded to the Frost
 Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised
 Questionnaire, the Parental Authority Questionnaire, and the Adult Temperament
 Questionnaire. Insecure attachment styles, authoritarian parenting style and
 vii
 extraversion/surgency temperament style were analyzed in all of the regression models.
 The results indicated that higher scores on the anxious attachment scale were the best
 predictor for five dimensions of perfectionism and carried the largest beta weights in all
 five regression models. The findings of the current suggest that individuals who have
 characteristics of anxious attachment, such as fear of rejection, are likely to develop
 characteristics of perfectionism.

ABSTRACT FACTORS INFLUENCING THE DEVELOPMENT OF PERFECTIONISM by Kyra L. Davies Master of Arts in Psychology Psychological Science Option California State University, Chico Summer 2009 Research on the development of perfectionism is important because many researchers have linked perfectionism and many types of psychopathologies. Therefore, the current study attempts to predict perfectionism from adult attachment, parenting styles and adult temperament. Perfectionism can be defined as a multidimensional trait (e.g., personal standards, parental criticism and expectations, concern over mistakes, organization and doubts about actions) that is characterized as having excessively high personal standards. One hundred and fifty-four participants responded to the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised Questionnaire, the Parental Authority Questionnaire, and the Adult Temperament Questionnaire. Insecure attachment styles, authoritarian parenting style and vii extraversion/surgency temperament style were analyzed in all of the regression models. The results indicated that higher scores on the anxious attachment scale were the best predictor for five dimensions of perfectionism and carried the largest beta weights in all five regression models. The findings of the current suggest that individuals who have characteristics of anxious attachment, such as fear of rejection, are likely to develop characteristics of perfectionism.

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