Neighborhood, Family, and Peer Qualities Related to Male and Female Latino 9th Graders’ Depressive Symptoms

The purpose of this study was to examine the roles of Latino 9th graders' reports of neighborhood risk, family disengagement, perceived parental psychological control, and peer victimization in relation to depression. Self-report data were collected from 423 ninth grade, Latino students from seven Los Angeles high schools. Analyses were conducted on boys and girls separately. As expected, all the contextual risk factors were positively and significantly correlated to depressive symptoms for Latino adolescent girls and boys. Once all variables were entered into a path analysis, only family disengagement, maternal psychological control, and peer victimization were significantly related to depressive symptoms. When running separate models for both genders, only family disengagement and peer victimization were still significant for both boys and girls, and paternal psychological control was significantly related to girls' depressive symptoms.