Impact of nurse practitioner residency programs on job satisfaction and retention rates in federally qualified health centers

The advent of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) created an influx of newly insured Americans that seek medical care through the primary care setting. This increase in insured Americans necessitates the increase of primary care providers. Nurse Practitioners (NPs) are the key players in alleviating the healthcare workforce shortage that our society is facing today. However, the increased demand for primary care providers creates a challenge for new graduate nurse practitioners entering the primary care setting. Increased patient demand limits the support given to new graduate nurse practitioners that can potentially affect the NP’s successful transition into practice and ultimately job satisfaction and retention rate in an organization. The purpose of this grant is to evaluate the relationship of a nurse practitioner residency program (NPRP) on job satisfaction and retention rate. This study will be conducted in thirty-five federally qualified health center (FQHC) that offers a NPRP. Participants for this study will include new graduate family NPs enrolled in the NPRP for year 2016-2017. At the conclusion of the NPRP, two survey instruments will be administered to NPs to determine their job satisfaction and intent to stay, as a predictor for retention. Data will be examined to analyze the assumption of the researcher that participating and completing a NPRP is positively related to the job satisfaction and the retention of new graduate family NPs. In effect, supporting the need for NPRP programs which will facilitate NP transition into practice and increase the number of NPs who will continue in primary care, alleviating the workforce shortage.