Power structure in the family

56 mothers and their children aged 10 through 16 received the power inventories developed for this study and I-E control scales. All scores on the power and I-E scales were intercorrelated. These show that mothers' use of power is positively correlated with their own and children’s feelings of powerlessness. The power inventories were intercorrelated also, and then factor analyzed to isolate attitude syndromes. The findings indicated that authoritarian homes restrict responsibility and decision-making whereas permissive homes restrict responsibility only. Children's perceptions of mother's attitudes towards power wore compared with mother's attitudes towards power. Children perceive less open communication but feel more decision-making power than their mothers see them as having. The results of this research have important child-rearing implications.