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A preference scale for the measure of cooperation and competition in the community college classroom
The purpose of this study was to develop a scale that would measure the preferences of community college students for a competitive or a cooperative classroom environment. Items that were used in the development of the scale were taken directly from three previously developed scales, modifications of items in these three scales, or developed by the author of this study, based on the results of a study on Soviet education. The thirty-three original items were reduced to fourteen final items on the basis of an item analysis. This analysis was conducted following administration of the thirty-three item scale to forty-five graduate level students. These students were chosen for this administration of the scale because their primary profession was teaching. As professionals in the field of education these graduate students could be considered authorities on classroom environments and. thus provide content validity for the scale through a post-test interview. Reliability for the scale was obtained by administering the fourteen item scale to sixty community college students and deriving a reliability coefficient from the resultant scores. The reliability-coefficient was obtained by dividing the sixty scores into half scores through the use of the odd-even method, obtaining a rank-order correlation coefficient, and estimating the reliability of the full length test by the application of the Spearman-Brown prophecy formula. Construct validity was obtained for the fourteen item scale by the use of a "t" ratio for the difference between means of two groups of forty-five students at different academic levels. The resulting fourteen item scale is not recommended for any use other than as a research tool. Although significant reliability and validity were observed the samples used may not have allowed for sufficient measure and no norming data has been provided in this study.