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The asylum-seeking process and refugee integration in the EU
This paper provides a background on the current refugee crisis in the EU, with a focus on migrants crossing the Mediterranean Sea, and examines the asylum application process and refugee integration efforts. Many EU member states are so overwhelmed with the massive influx of asylum-seekers that they cannot efficiently process asylum applications, which keeps migrants stuck in a period of limbo until a decision is made. There is so much focus on refugees as a political and national security issue that states can't focus on reforming the application process. A similar issue faces refugee integration efforts. It is highly expensive for states to establish aid and programs to help integrate refugees, which is creating a lot of disagreement on how to proceed within the government, and ultimately hindering the settlement of refugees. However, this thesis will show that efficiently accepting refugees and investing in their integration can be beneficial to a country within just a few years.
A capstone project submitted to the faculty of the California Maritime Academy in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Arts in Global Studies and Maritime Affairs.