Measuring Mother and Father Engagement among Early Intervention Families

Parents of young children with disabilities engage with their children in ways that are simultaneously similar to and distinct from parents of children without disabilities. This study examined the measurement equivalence of a self-report scale of parental engagement piloted among parents of children receiving early intervention services. The survey included generic as well as unique elements of parental involvement. Exploratory factor analyses demonstrated a unidimensional structure for both mothers and fathers. Dyadic confirmatory factor analysis provided evidence of configural and metric equivalence. These results indicate that mothering and fathering can successfully be examined using the same measure of parental engagement.