Thesis

Policy analysis of AB-12

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to analyze the impact of the Assembly Bill (AB) 12 that extends foster care to age 21. This research will identify how this policy has impacted foster youth, reduced homelessness and incarceration in former foster youth, and extended care outcomes compared to youth who are not extending in care. In addition, it will examine what the experience of youth in AB-12 is like. Methods: The method used to find research articles was through California State University Northridge library search engine. Results: The overall results have demonstrated that extending foster care to age 21 has positively impacted foster youth as there is a decreased risk of homelessness, crime, and substance use. Youth's continued involvement with social institutions serve as protective factors when transitioning to adulthood. The research showed youth in care experienced disproportionate rates of pregnancy and parenting when compared to youth not in care. While the research showed foster care could provide protective factors for substance use, the year after emancipation is when foster youth are the most vulnerable to use. Keywords: Extended foster care support, transition from foster care to adulthood, aging out of foster care, homelessness in foster youth, incarceration and foster youth, parenthood/pregnancy and foster youth, education and foster youth.

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