Masters Thesis

A content analysis study to determine whether after school programs reduce juvenile delinquency and risk factors of delinquent behavior

This study aims to review and analyze previous research regarding after school programs and if participation in these programs reduces juvenilely delinquent behaviors and eliminates risk factors of delinquency. This study was non-experimental using a qualitative approach through a content analysis. As a result, key elements were identified while reviewing previously conducted studies and literature on after school programs. These elements included Federal and California state policies, types of programs, positive effects of after school programs, negative effects of after school programs, and what youths need from an after school program. After distinguishing the elements that after school programs require in order to have an impact on juvenile delinquency and risk factors of delinquent behaviors, three recommendations were made in order to help make the programs more effective in reducing delinquent behaviors and eliminating risk factors of delinquency. The first recommendation is to propose California state and federal guidelines that provide a structural outline for after school programs. Second, for Federal policies require the states to provide quality and beneficial programs in order to receive funding. The last recommendation is for the state to require stricter requirements and guidelines for unstructured programs to follow in order to qualify for state and federal funding. These recommendations will help ensure after school programs are providing the most beneficial components to the participants that will decrease juvenilely delinquent behavior and eliminate risk factors of delinquency.


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