The effects of client-counselor similarity on the amount of improvement in counseling

The purpose of this study was to compare client-counselor similarity with the amount of improvement in counseling. A difference score was obtained from the Thinking-Feeling scale of the Myers--Briggs Type Indicator. The difference scores were compared with the amount of improvement in counseling. Problem behavior areas for each client were derived from a Behavior Check List completed by the clients prior to counseling. A Behavior Improvement Rating Sheet was developed from the Behavior Check List. The amount of improvement in counseling was determined by the ratings of the client, counselor and an outside rater on the Behavior Improvement Rating Sheet. Since all of the dyads scored on the feeling .preference scale, the analysis of the data was greatly restricted. It was found that client -counselor dyads which were dissimilar showed more positive behavior change according to client, counselor and outside raters than client -counselor dyads that were similar. All ratings were significant at the.01 level of confidence. In the sampling in this study, there was more improvement according to the client and counselor raters in dissimilar dyads, but the improvement according to outside raters was more evenly distributed among the client-counselor dyads who were similar and the client counselor dyads who were dissimilar.