Thesis

Resistance to neocolonialism through traditional and evolving literature

This work describes some of the ways in which postcolonial literature is evolving in order to escape censorship by, to identify, and to resist neocolonial forces, very similar in effect to older colonial forces, which are damaging indigenous cultures, the global environment, and democratic values. The work of Ngugi Wa Thiong'o is used to frame the issue of Western capitalism in postcolonial third world countries. Several postcolonial scholars and anti-colonial activists are cited to clarify the economic nature of neocolonialism. Economists are cited to show the utter ruin of third world countries by debt burden in the aftermath of "structural adjustment," "financial aid" and "free trade" schemes. Activists who have published a wealth of accounts of brutality and exploitation of poor populations by respected names in the corporate world, contrasting with utopian advertisement campaigns, are analyzed in contrast to the economic literature and neocolonial fiction. Through an inspection of these texts, issues such as the undermining of national sovereignty and the dismantling of national culture are defined as mechanisms fundamental within the infrastructure of imperialism, both in colonial and neocolonial projects. New forms of resistance and activism that utilize the internet are discussed, and an argument is made for "consumer sovereignty" whereby first world consumers can take advantage of the World Wide Web and the revolution in communications and technology to shape the future of neocolonialistic corporate policy, the predominant influence in the world today, which is otherwise governed only by greed and competitive strategy.

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