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Does working the night shift increase the risk of obesity and overweight among nurses
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the night shift increased the risk of obesity among nurses. The study examined different factors that might influence night shift nurses towards obesity, incorporating other research on obesity, nurses, night shift hazards, etc. Physical and biological factors that attributed to nurses working night shifts were also discussed. Research was conducted at a hospital in Southern California and included 17 day shift nurses and 51 night shift nurses as respondents. A self-report survey was used to collect quantitative data related to the health statuses of night and day shift nurses including their Body Mass Index (BMI), eating habits and food intakes, medical history, and supplement usage. SPSS was used for the analyses, and t-tests and chi-square measures compared day and night shift nurses on factors related to health. The study did not reveal significant differences between night shift nurses and day shift nurses based on BMI, exercise levels, food intakes, etc., presumably due to the limited sample size. However, night shift nurses reported a higher percentage of hemorrhoids, and day shift nurses reported a higher occurrence of hypertension. Data from this study were compared against those discussed in the literature review. The findings specified the need for intervention tools in the form of educational programs, quality food, and monitoring of health statuses of nurses.