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Alcohol Intoxication and Risky Behaviors in College Students
Among American college students, there is a widely acknowledged, intimate relationship between alcohol consumption and sex. Though the intuitive understanding has long been that this is a causal relationship wherein alcohol produces a “disinhibitory effect” and therefore leads to riskier behavior otherwise avoided, recent empirical research has revealed that the connection is much more dynamic. In the present review, two theories in particular are discussed: alcohol expectancy, a primarily psychological explanation, and alcohol-induced myopia, a model of cognitive impairment. These theoretical models have informed campus administrators and health promotion coordinators how to better target and implement intervention efforts and health promotion campaigns. Such programs are addressed, highlighting the efficacy of goal setting, personalized feedback, and expectancy challenging. It is suggested that intervention efforts continue to be developed based on constructs of expectancy and myopia.
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