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The effects of a tutoring program using retired persons as tutors
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a tutoring program, involving retired persons as tutors and second and third graders as tutees, on the attitudes of the tutors and the tutees toward the program and toward each other. A second purpose was to determine whether such a program would affect the tutees' attitudes toward reading as well as develop their sight word vocabulary skills. There were two main aspects to this project. The first was the preparation of tutoring materials packets to be used by retired persons in tutoring second and third graders in reading. These packets contained tutoring guides, drill materials, games, plans to be used during each tutoring session and additional activities. The second aspect was the utilization of these packets during sixteen hours of tutoring. The study was designed to involve at least thirty tutor-tutee pairs. However, due to an unwillingness on the part of retired persons to become involved, the final project resulted in only three working pairs. A Pretest-Posttest design was employed. Tutors and tutees were administered the semantic differential on the concepts tutoring and self. Tutors were administered the semantic differential on the concept children and tutees were given the semantic differential on the concepts reading and retired persons. The small number of subjects prohibited the author from making any conclusions based on the study. However, the posttests for both tutors and tutees showed more positive attitudes than the pretests. In addition to this the three tutees all made significant gains in their sight word vocabulary skills.