Informing United States Sex Trafficking Policies: A Comparative Analysis of Sweden, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Chile, and South Korea
In 2000, the United Nations (UN) convened countries from around the world to join a global effort to fight human trafficking through the Palermo Protocol. A major component of human trafficking includes sex trafficking. Bringing light to the issue of sex trafficking is important to help protect victims and at-risk children, women, and men. The United States has been advocating for sex trafficking policy and laws at a global level but has yet to implement effective protocols. Policies from Sweden, Netherlands, New Zealand, Chile and South Korea are evaluated based on their prevention efforts, reduction and effectiveness, and limitations in this analysis. The countries vary in laws and effectiveness, but there are lessons to be learned from each one, and by informing U.S. policy, a more effective approach in combating sex trafficking can be taken. Although the efforts to end sex trafficking continue the societal structures must change in order for it to be eliminated.