Cognitive and emotional components of Type A and Type B behavior patterns

This study was done to distinguish the cognitive and emotional differences between the Type A and Type B behavior patterns, and assess relationship of disease to these personality types. It was an attempt to further delineate, these two types of personality and identify the different psychological and physiological correlates between the two. Sixty-six male patients caning to doctor’s offices, aged 29-69 years, were administered the Jenkins Activity Survey (JAS), the Liebert and Morris Questionnaire, and a health questionnaire. The male patients were classified as Type A or Type B according to their score on the JAS. Results indicated that there was no correlations between Type A and Type B behavior and the emotional and cognitive components as identified by the Liebert and Morris scale. One-way analysis of variance with age as covariate (ANCOVA) was performed to assess if Type As had a higher occurence of disease was found not to be significant. The second ANOVA performed to show if high Type Bs were at a higher risk for cardiac heart disease than lower Type Bs (F = .110 p <.742) failed to show significance. Limitations of the present study were discussed with suggestions for future research.