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Pre-migration and Post-migration Factors Impacting Acculturative Stress in Iraqi Refugee Mothers
Past research suggests that various pre-migration and post-migration factors play an important role in the acculturation process of refugees. This study explored premigration and post-migration factors and their relationship to acculturative stress in a sample of 219 Iraqi refugee mothers which was assessed by an Interview Questionnaire, the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire: Iraqi version, and the Societal, Attitudinal, Familial, and Environmental Acculturative Stress Scale (SAFE). The study found that premigration factors such as an increase in the loss of loved ones and an increase in relocations prior to arriving to the United States were not associated with acculturative stress. Post-migration factors such as decreased satisfaction regarding access to healthcare resources in the United States, shorter length of stay in the United States, older age on arrival to the United States, education level, occupational status in the United States, and language spoken at home were also not associated with acculturative stress. There were certain limitations in the current study. Future research is needed to better understand the experience of this population and how mental health professionals can provide them with culturally appropriate services.
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