Alcohol use screening and brief intervention in primary care settings

The purpose of this study was to collect and evaluate the literature on alcohol use screening and brief intervention in primary care settings. Systematic searches were conducted using six databases (PsycINFO, Google Scholar, Google, MEDLINE, CSUN Oviatt Library, and CINAHL). Alcohol use screening instruments CAGE, MAST, and AUDIT were researched. Each has advantages and disadvantages, which limits the versatility of any individual screening test in its applicability to a variety of situations and populations. Further research is necessary to develop tests that are more inclusive of detecting all levels of alcohol use risk, while are also not complicated for primary care practitioners to use. Future steps are required to improve the consistency in screening for alcohol misuse in primary care settings, and subsequently applying brief interventions for populations of low-to-medium risk levels.