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The Impact of Suicide Prevention Interventions Among the College Student Population
Suicide remains the second leading cause of death among college-aged youth. Understanding the public health issue is not only critical but necessary because the need for interventions is evident. Also, to mitigate the issue of suicide among college students, it is not only important to implement interventions but also to assess the impact to understand what works and how. Students entering college directly from the K-12 system face several personal and academic challenges, therefore it is important to understand that interventions must be tailored to different needs on different ecological levels. The public health framework named the Social-Ecological Model (SEM) was used to develop this understanding. This systematic literature review assesses suicide prevention interventions from this public health lens to understand suicide prevention interventions’ levels of influence and efficacy. Research meeting inclusion criteria was organized into domains based on the Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, and Institutional levels of SEM as well as subthemes based on the contributions of the interventions.