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The effects of distance and orientation on cooperation and affiliation in the prisoner's dilemma game
The present investigation was based on studies which found that more immediate seating distances and orientations were associated with greater affiliation and more cooperation. This study explored the effects of seating distance and orientation on a variety of measures of affiliation and cooperation in a Prisoner’s Dilemma (PD) game. In a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial design, seating distance (4ft. vs. 13 ft.) and orientation (0° vs. 180°) were manipulated for male and female subjects. Males and females participated in same sexed (rnale-male or female-female) dyads. Dependent rneasures consisted of the following: number of cooperative responses and total points earned in the PD game; subjects' evaluations of their interaction in the PD game; affiliation measured by the duration of vocalization during the PD game and subjects responses to an attraction questionnaire evaluating their partner. See more in text.