Chronic Student Absenteeism: Home-Based Factors That Contribute to Absenteeism

Chronic student absenteeism is an ongoing prevalent issue. An issue that has not drawn enough attention from school officials or legislation. Leaders are focused on improving student outcomes and they strategize around elements such as improving instruction and teacher quality. Indeed, those are important elements to improve student outcomes, however, officials forget that students need to be in attendance to contribute to the outcomes. Additional efforts need to be exerted around student attendance and reducing chronic absences. Research says that chronic absenteeism starts as early as kindergarten. Chronic absenteeism usually progresses on to middle and high school. Moreover, studies indicate that to this issue are several factors that contribute to chronic absenteeism. This paper will focus on the home-based factors that contribute to chronic absenteeism and the risk factors. Some of the risk factors found during this study were dropping out of high school, substance abuse, unemployment, juvenile delinquency, and recidivism. This paper will study the significance of an education for our future leaders and why it is important to prevent chronic absenteeism. Stakeholders will be examined as well as the roles that they could participate in to approach the issue. Moreover, recommendations will be suggested on how to approach this issue and reduce chronic absenteeism. Chronic absenteeism is a multifaceted issue that requires collaboration from several fields of expertise. Reducing or abolishing chronic absenteeism will improve student outcomes and high school graduates will be better prepared for college and become valuable contributors to society. Research informs that through the Local Control Funding Formula and Every Student Succeeds Act, school officials will obtain pertinent data of chronically absent students and in a collaborative effort, will identify who is absent and why, to reduce chronic absenteeism. Through these initiatives, schools are now required to report this chronic absence data and report to the state how they will address the issue. The findings of this study also revealed that parent engagement as well as student engagement is super important in making any change. To engage parents, school officials will need to up their communications with parents to educate and raise awareness about the importance of regular attendance.