Quantifying geomorphic controls on time in weathering systems
The time minerals spend in the weathering zone is crucial in determining soil biogeochemical cycles, solid state chemistry and soil texture. This length of time is closely related to erosion rates and can be modulated by sediment transport, mixing rates within the soil and the temporal evolution of erosion. Here we describe how time length can be approximated using geomorphic metrics and how topography reveals changing residence times of minerals within soils. We also show model simulations from a field site in California that can reproduce observed solid state geochemistry in the eroding portion of the landscape. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.