Thesis

King of wisdom

The Bible must be read historically. In the words of Dr. Baucham, "The Bible is a reliable collection of historical documents written by eyewitnesses during the lifetime of other eyewitnesses. They report supernatural events that took place in the fulfillment of specific prophecies and claimed that their writings are divine rather than human in origin" (Blume). The interpretive foundation for biblical criticism is this identification of biblical texts as documents of history. This hermeneutic informs a historical reading of the book of Proverbs. For a book regularly read in contexts of present-tense utilitarian advice for personal application, Proverbs is profoundly connected to history. With the rise of mainstream biblical theology over the last decade, scholars have been uncovering the historical significance of the book as a typological moment within the development of specific OT themes of kingship and divine sovereignty recurring through ancient Israel's national history. In Proverbs, "the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom" (9:10), sidelining rule-based righteousness in place of a heartfelt worship-centered reverence for God. Since wisdom ultimately comes from God, the implementation of wisdom into one's life is deeply connected to one's knowledge of God, making Proverbs a work of theology more than of practical pedagogy, a wisdom of worship, not of works. In Proverbs, after all, wisdom is not a behavior; it's a person.

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