Thesis

Self-management: the effectiveness of different types of reinforcement

The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of different types of reinforcement in self-management settings. Four university students participated in self-management program in order to increase water intake and walking. Multiple baseline design across behaviors which included baseline (A) condition, positive reinforcement (B) condition, negative reinforcement (C) condition and combination of both (B+C), was introduced. The results suggest that there is no large differences in effectiveness of different types of reinforcement contingencies. However, the study did show that implementing a relatively low cost reinforcement contingency did seem to increase both target behaviors. Key words: self-management, reinforcement, water intake, walking

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