Masters Thesis

The Relationship between Acculturation and Resistance Training among Asian Americans

There is a lack of research on the relationship between Asian American (ASAM) acculturation and resistance training (RT) using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Therefore, this study explored the role of ethnicity and acculturation in Asian Americans as it relates to RT and physical activity (PA) using the TPB framework. a secondary purpose was to explore how the TPB components differed across specific ASAM sub-groups. Participants (N = 185; M age = 24.3 years, SD = 6.8) were from a variety of ethnicities including Filipino (n = 63), Vietnamese ( n = 33), Chinese (n = 25), Japanese (n = 14), Korean (n = 7), and Mixed Asian (n = 30). They completed an online survey asking about demographics, acculturation, RT and PA levels, and TPB components regarding RT and PA behavior. Two weeks later, participants completed a second online survey to report RT and PA levels. Results from two path analyses showed that the TPB model was successful in predicting RT and PA behavior. Attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) accounted for substantial variance in RT (66.9%) and PA (63.8%) intention. Intention and PBC accounted for 50.9% of the variance for RT and 22% for PA behavior. Acculturation significantly predicted RT PBC ( p = .026) and Filipinos reported more positive attitudes towards PA than other ethnicities (p = .007). Results from a set of ANOVAs showed that the only difference between ASAM sub-groups was for PA attitudes (p = .019). as participants in this study were highly acculturated, replication is needed with a sample of less acculturated Asian Americans.


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