Masters Thesis

Further evaluation of general and descriptive praise statements on acquisition of tacts

Praise is a consequence that consists of different features and it is used in many teaching settings. Research on quality of praise suggests that enthusiasm increases reinforcing value of praise; however, the limited research on type of praise suggests that descriptive praise may not have a discriminative function. Previous research has not altered the length of auditory feedback, even though short praise statements are recommended when using descriptive praise statements. Researchers recruited two typically developing toddlers from families who received services from the Child Development Center at California State University Stanislaus, for the present study. Researchers used a multiple-baseline across participants with an alternating-treatments design across conditions to evaluate general, descriptive, and general + descriptive praise statements on acquisition of tacts. Number of sessions to criterion were similar in all conditions for both participants, which suggests that contents of praise did not influence learning. This study builds on the research of praise through the preliminary use of telehealth with toddlers. Keywords: Praise statements, tacts, toddlers, concurrent chains procedure, telehealth