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Teaching Strategies for Students with Mild to Moderate Learning Disabilities: A Paraprofessional’s Guide to Academic and Behavioral Supports
Every day, over 400,000 paraeducators are supporting students with mild to moderate learning disabilities in the United States. The purpose of this project was to create a paraeducator’s guide to academic and behavior supports, as well as concrete examples of visual supports and behavior tracking sheets that are commonly used. The literature review discusses the roles and responsibilities of paraeducators, as well as best practices in paraeducator training. Paraeducators self-efficacy has been found to impact student performance and implementation of accommodations. Studies from this literature show how appropriate paraeducator training, constructive and positive communication, as well as support from the case manager, general education teacher and administration, leads to higher paraeducator self-efficacy. Finally, the studies discuss the correlation between paraeducator self-efficacy and the impact on student progress. When paraeducators feels prepared and have clear expectations, the more likely they are to properly implement accommodations in order to support students with an Individualized Education Program. The information concluded from the literature review guided the inspiration and development of a paraeducator manual.