The Relationship between Second Hand Smoke and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Statement of Problem Many smoking parents do not understand that immobile infants and small children are vulnerable to second-hand smoke and their developing bodies are more susceptible to its harmful effects. Maternal smoking during the prenatal and postnatal periods has been linked to SIDS but the relationship between secondhand smoke from caregivers, excluding maternal smoking, remains unclear. Sources of Data Data was obtained from the Health Department of the State of Colorado, specifically the caregiver(s) smoking habit information contained in the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), and the Sudden Unexplained Infant Death Investigation Reporting Form (SUIDIRF). Conclusions Reached The relationship between secondhand smoke from caregivers, excluding maternal smokers, remains unclear as data on caregiver smokers was not kept by the state of Colorado due to the small reporting rate. No relationship was found between secondhand smoke and SIDS. However, the study found after bootstrapping statistical significant correlations between the number of mothers who smoked and three other variables: the number of counties reporting SIDS incidents, the number of mothers who allowed smoking in the house, and the number of infants exposed to SHS. The differences in SIDS percentage by county may be due to rural location, lower socioeconomic status, higher Hispanic White population, and lower age of pregnant mothers.