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Instructional product development plan for aircraft systems ground schools
Because of increased technology, aircraft systems training for pilots and flight engineers has become of major significance in flight crew training programs. Aircrafts carrying passengers in the last five years range in size from the Boeing 707 weighing 230,000 pounds to the giant C-5A weighing more than 3 times as much. Aircraft systems have become more automatic and redundant in order to reduce crew fatigue and increase safety. Along with increased automation, there is increased complexity in utilizing and operating these systems. Recognizing failures in these systems and taking the appropriate action are major performance objectives in pilot and flight engineer training programs. Because of the extreme technical and performance oriented nature of the flight crew training most training programs are written and conducted by pilots and flight engineers. Generally, these flight crew members have little or no background in education and training. Most programs generated by such training groups are developed in a manner which reflects the instructional programs used by these groups in their initial training. Such programs do not include either a consideration or conception of necessary performance objectives required in the various stages of flight training. This accounts for the reason why some aircraft systems programs are often boring, ambiguous, unorganized and more importantly, do not achieve performance objectives. It is the intent of this project to demonstrate a plan for developing instructional programs for use in aircraft systems ground schools. The task for developing such programs is a specialty requiring a great deal of skill in addition to a large measure of practical aviation experience. It is premised that an aircraft systems ground school instructional product developer must have a good grasp of writing skills and sound knowledge of applicable technical facts and principles before he can be effective in any flight crew training program. However, it is assumed that he may have little or no knowledge of specialized techniques requisite to effective instructional product development. This product was written with such an individual in mind. It is intended to provide him with a basic plan for selecting and organizing instructional methods and media essential to effective aircraft systems ground school programs.