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The impact of trauma informed care on law enforcement engagement with individuals experiencing homelessness
Abstract The Impact of Trauma Informed Care on Law Enforcement Engagement with Individuals Experiencing Homelessness By Karen Ponce Master of Social Work Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify and evaluate the effectiveness of Trauma Informed Care Training that current Law Enforcement in the city of Los Angeles are receiving. Inquiry: The focus is to evaluate if the Trauma Informed Care Training received by Law Enforcement was effective with the interactions law enforcement have with people who are experiencing homelessness and trauma. Methods: A systematic research was conducted through google search and research database EBSOhost, which included the following databases: American Search Premier, Education Full Text, Omnifile Full Text Mega, PsyArticles, PsycInfo. Results: No data or previous research was found that directly analyzed the effectiveness of Trauma Informed Care Training with Law Enforcement. One study was found that evaluated participants from various service sectors (government health and education, social services, law enforcement, non-profits) self-reported change in knowledge, attitude, and belief in applicability after attending a 9-month Trauma Informed Care training. Another study was found that evaluated the effects of trauma and how various service providers (child welfare, education system, first responders, health care system, and juvenile justice system) approach trauma care v differently. Both studies focused on children, adolescent, and family services. Trauma Informed Care is an evidenced based intervention that has been found effective when addressing continuum of care for children and families. Further research needs to be done to analyze the effectiveness of Trauma Informed Care within other populations. Key -words used: Trauma informed care, Trauma informed approach, trauma informed practice, first responders, firefighters, paramedics, police, law enforcement, police officers, emergency services, Homelessness, Trauma Informed framework, Criminal justice, mental health diagnosis.