The influence of a therapeutically planned recreation program on the self-esteem of physically disabled students

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship, if any, between participation in a therapeutically planned recreation program and the increase in slef-esteem for physically handicapped individuals. To explore this relationship the Tennessee Self Concept Scale was used as the test instrument. The scale is designed to assess major self concept areas: physical self, moral-ethical self, personal self, and social self. Within these major areas, scales measuring self criticism, conflict, positive attitudes, and maladjustment, among others, provide a profile of an individual's self-esteem. Physically Handicapped students aged 12-17 were selected as participants. A Pre- and post-tests were administered to nine students, in a special education class. Therapeutically planned recreation activities were selected to provide the participants with the opportunity to experience success.