Do Neighborhood Risk, Parents' Monitoring And Other Socioeconomic Status (SES) Aspects Correlate With Adolescents' Delinquent Behaviors?

The relationship between adolescents' delinquent behaviors and external factors, such as neighborhood risk, parents' monitoring, family SES, family structure, peers' delinquent behaviors and adolescents' gender was explored in this study. There are numerous studies examining adolescents' delinquent behaviors, however there is not much research exploring multiple factors at the same time. The secondary data was used in this study, and the original data was collected via purposive sampling by written surveys in 21 high schools in Oklahoma, North Carolina, and California. Regarding classification, 47.5% were 9th graders, 31.4% were 10th graders, and 20.9 % were either 11th or 12th graders. The total sample size was 1,887, and the gender ratio was 1,044 (55.3%) female and 843 (44.7%) male. The result showed neighborhood risks and perceived peers' delinquent behaviors were significantly and positively related to adolescents' delinquent behaviors, however there was no statistically significant correlation between parents' education level and adolescent delinquent behaviors. Also, perceived monitoring by parents and family structure were significant and negatively related to adolescents' delinquent behaviors. And finally, adolescent gender was negatively correlated to adolescents' delinquent behaviors, indicating that boys were more likely to be involved in delinquent behaviors than girls. The major limitation of this study was this is second data analysis, in which this researcher has no control over the data itself and data collecting procedure. The other limitations and implications for future research were discussed.