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Perceptions of the parenting abilities of homosexuals and atheists
In the current study, participants look at one of nine vignettes assessing attitudes toward parents who vary in sexual orientation (gay, lesbian, or heterosexual) and religious affiliation (Christian, atheist, or no mention of religion), the two independent variables. Another grouping variable is participants' self-reported religiosity (low or high). The outcome measure consisted of rating a fictional couple as prospective parents of an infant, who is up for adoption. The major finding of the study is that couples who are identified as homosexual or atheist are not perceived to be as good of parents as someone who is a heterosexual or Christian, but only if the evaluator is high in intrinsic religiosity. The opposite holds true: couples who are identified as straight or Christian are not perceived to be as good of parents as someone who is a homosexual or atheist, but only if the evaluator is low in intrinsic religiosity.