Masters Thesis

The effects of daily physical fitness activities on fourth-grade students

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a difference in physical fitness between fourth-grade students that participate in a regularly scheduled exercise program and fourth-grade students that do not participate in a regularly scheduled exercise program. Children of all ages use social media, play video games, and surf the Internet all hours of the day. Consequently, children are not as active. Encouraging students to exercise regularly through school fitness programs may mitigate the problem of inactivity. In this study, the treatment group consisted of 64 fourth-grade students who received 200 minutes of physical education every ten days. Physical education activities included but were not limited to running, curl-ups, pushups, Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER), and team sports. The control group consisted of 63 fourth-grade students that received less than 40 minutes of physical education from a physical education specialist every ten days. The objective of this study was to compare students that receive the required 200 minutes of physical education every ten days and students that do not. An ANCOVA was used to determine if there were significant differences in physical fitness performance between the two groups. The alpha level was set at <.05. The results of the analysis showed no significant differences on the FitnessGram curl-ups, PACER, and trunk-lift tests in physical fitness between the two groups of students. However, the results showed a significant difference in physical fitness between the two groups on the FitnessGram push-up test in favor of the group that received 200 minutes of physical activity every ten days.

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