Elements to Create Successful Anti-Bullying Workshops in Elementary Schools
Bullying is global issue that has been on a steady increase. This project is a five week anti-bullying curriculum designed for third grade which integrates language arts and visual and performing arts. The purpose of the curriculum is to inform students about bullying and help students develop skills that prevent a bullying situation and if necessary, safely defuse the situation. The review of the literature addressed three core themes: understanding bullying, anti-bullying approaches, and art-based instruction. The first theme explores how to understand bullying and the misconceptions associated with bullying. The second theme addresses three anti-bullying approaches, the preventative, supportive, and interventions. The third theme addresses the integration of art-based instruction. Best practices were identified in the literature review to include instruction on understanding bullying. The curriculum addressed bullying roles, bullying interactions, direct/indirect bullying, signs of bullying and effects of bullying. The curriculum helped students develop tangible skills to prevent bullying situations, to support positive climates, and intervene when necessary. In addition the art-based instruction integrated dance, music, illustrations, and role-playing into the curriculum. The recommendations include introducing credential students to this anti-bullying program so they will be familiar with how to instill students with the appropriate skills to safely defuse a bullying situation. The second recommendation is for teacher to take a more active role in handling bullying. The last recommendation is for teachers to integrate art into future anti-bullying lessons.